Lal Bahadur Sastri was born on 2 October 1904. Shastri was born at the house of his maternal grandparents in Mughalsarai, Varanasi in a Kayastha Hindu family. Inspired by tutor Mishra’s patriotism, Shastri took a deep interest in the freedom struggle and began to study its history. While in 1928, Shastri becomes an active member of congress at the call of Gandhiji. Also, Shastri participated in the Salt Satyagraha in 1930. He was imprisoned for two and a half years.
Following India’s independence, Shastri was appointed Parliamentary Secretary in his home state, Uttar Pradesh. Consequently, Shastri was made Minister of Railways in First Cabinet of Republic of India on 13 May 1952. Furthermore, On 9 June 1964, Shastri became Prime Minister after Nehru‘s death. Shastri discontinued Nehru’s socialist economic policies with central planning. He promoted the White Revolution. Shastri’s greatest moment came when he led India in the 1965 Indo-Pak War.
His slogan of “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” (“Hail the soldier, Hail the farmer”) became very popular during the war and is remembered even today. Due to heart-attack, he died on 11 January 1966.
Quotes by Lal Bahadur Shastri:
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