Bal Gangadhar Tilak was born on 23 July 1856. Tilak was born in a Marathi Chitpavan Brahmin family in Ratnagiri as Keshav Gangadhar Tilak. After graduating, Tilak started teaching mathematics at a private school in Pune. Then he withdrew and became a journalist. He organised the Deccan Education Society in 1884 with a few of his college friends to improve the quality of youth’s education. In 1890, Tilak joined the Indian National Congress along with Jawaharlal Nehru. Despite being personally opposed to early marriage, Tilak was against the 1891 Age of Consent bill, seeing it as interference with Hinduism and a dangerous precedent.
Following the Partition of Bengal, a strategy set out by Lord Curzon to weaken the nationalist movement, Tilak encouraged the Swadeshi movement and the Boycott movement. During his lifetime among other political cases, Bal Gangadhar Tilak had been tried for Sedition Charges in three times by British India Government—in 1897, 1909, and 1916. Tilak tried to convince Mohandas Gandhi to leave the idea of Total non-violence (“Total Ahimsa”) and try to get self-rule (“Swarajya”) by all means. Yet did not change his mind.
In addition, Tilak started two weeklies, Kesari (“The Lion”) in Marathi and Mahratta in English. Consequently, he holds the record as “Awakener of India”. Also, In 1894, Tilak transformed the household worshipping of Ganesha into a grand public event. Finally, he died on 1 August 1920.
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